Ulinka Rublack is professor of Early Modern European History at the University of Cambridge. Her books include “The Astronomer and the Witch: Johannes Kepler’s Fight for his Mother,” “Dressing Up: Cultural Identity in Renaissance Europe,” and “Reformation Europe.”

Globalizing the Protestant Reformations

The origins of the Protestant Reformations are often traced to the German friar Martin Luther (1483–1546), who on Oct. 31, 1517, posted a document with 95 theses against the indulgence trade—in which donors paid the Catholic Church to remit punishment for sins. These theses began to outline Luther’s disputes with … Continue reading